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Life in a Boma - Tanzania

When you get curious about other cultures, what are the best ways to explore them? Some of us book a flight, keen for a first-hand experience. Others turn to study, maybe anthropology or indigenous studies at university. Some, like Anniina Sandbergan adventurous traveler from Helsinki, completed her African studies at the University of Helsinki and then took her passion a little further. She not only traveled to Tanzania to meet the Maasai people in Africa but ended up living there for nine months.

Motivated to learn more about the Swahili language, the Maasai culture, and their Maa language, this ambitious, inspired woman left the comforts of home and put her studies on hold. Nine months later - mission accomplished. She was speaking Swahili fluently and also learned to speak another Maasai language, the Maa language

"The experience of living with the Maasai changed my life. It was a real turning point for me," she explained. "When I returned home, I missed my daily African life. I missed the remote savanna, and I missed the communal feeling and wonderful sense of togetherness you experience joining in the spirit of daily village life activities." She continued, "I realised my happiness came from these experiences, living among the indigenous peoples. A life that is simple but so rich. I came home and made a plan to return."

Some of the most memorable times for Anniina were the many Maasai ceremonies she attended. "It was the custom to dress up in Maasai clothes. We would all dance and sing for a whole day. Before every ceremony, my Maasai friend Lea would invite me to her home and give me a new set of Maasai clothes," she said with her gentle smile, "Lea was a woman who taught me many things about her culture and her values. She was a very strong Maasai woman and leader of her boma (village clan settlement)". 

Life in a Boma

The Maasai people don't live in villages. Instead, they live in family compounds called "bomas." A boma is a homestead headed by one male, consisting of houses for each of his wives and their children. Maasai are polygamous, and every Maasai woman builds her hut in her husband's boma. The final number of these huts depends on how big the family becomes.

Healing and Health

As with many communities, health is very important to the Maasai. When there are severe medical problems that cannot be healed traditionally, they often do not have the means to pay hospital bills, especially if specialist care is needed. Anniina helped to set up a program to assist with health insurance so, for example, a mother and her child can travel to town for treatment when needed. "This often saves lives," she said, "The program, which has been going one year has ensured a better and healthier life for over 100 Maasai tribespeople”.

Giving Back

Bridging the gap between indigenous and non-indigenous people can be a source of joy on both sides. Motivated to stay in touch with the Maasai, Anniina launched another venture when she returned home. She established Visit Natives a personalized tour program to bring travelers to Tanzania and experience the culture in a very authentic way. In operation for three years now, Visit Natives customizes trips and offers unique experiences for the conscious traveler. Each trip supports a new family with health insurance, having a very positive impact on their lives and their future.

"I want travelers to have meaningful and deep travel experiences that also benefit the locals. I believe this is the future of travel. The families we have supported now with health insurance would not have had this without our travelers." Anniina said. "I founded Visit Natives for this reason, and I accompany most trips".

The Next Exciting Indigenous Adventure

In March 2020, Anniina has teamed up with photographer, David Metcalf a passionate philanthropist, accidental anthropologist and a brilliant masterclass photographer. Together, they are leading a small group to visit Northern Tanzania. The trip includes living in a boma (in a comfortably appointed tent), inside the Ngorongoro Conservation area around 4 hours’ drive from Arusha. 

There is plenty of opportunities to photograph wildlife in their natural environment. Wildlife abounds. The group will also stay in a Maasai boma near Mto Wa Mbu village. Each trip is designed to make sure a new Boma is included because this creates fairness and the excitement of sharing among locals. One very unique highlight of this trip is a stay with the Hadzabe hunter-gatherers – they are one of the world's last hunter-gatherers. The cross-cultural exchange is two-way, and hosts really enjoy learning from international guests, as well as the long-term health benefits to the family.


Travelers often comment that they get a deep connection with the local people because they are received as guests, not tourists. The indigenous hosts are often prompted to design handicrafts that they give as a welcome present. "We only work with the local people who are interested in sustainable indigenous tourism and who are genuinely enthusiastic about the program. I think this is the reason why travelers all value their experience and often tell us it gives them a new perspective on their life," Anniina commented.

Story by Stephanie Brookes, Photos: Katie Aun

Travel Writer Katie Aun Photography

Anniina Sandberg is the founder of the Visit Natives. She has an MA in African Studies from the University of Helsinki. Her expertise is intercultural communication, indigenous cultures, and ethnography. She founded Visit Natives because she wanted to create her dream job where she can work with and help the indigenous peoples. 

David Metcalf, photographer, and filmmaker, is committed to indigenous cultural stories on canvas and film. David is reputed for being a 'cultural storyteller' having captured some of the most stunning, provocative and mystical scenes in remote locations. Get photo tips direct from David, in the 'spirit of learning' through education, embracing the wisdom of tradition and heart-opening inspiration of real human contact. David and Anniina welcome you to join this trip in March. 

Trip Departs: March 22- 29, 2020

Destination: Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

BOOK this trip.

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